Wuwei Foundation

Taijiquan Classics - Chapter 5

Butting, Insufficiency, Separation, and Resistance

Butting means leading with the head; insufficiency means falling short; separation means losing contact; and resistence means excessive force. If you want to understand the errors represented by these four words, it is not only a failure of sticking, adhering, connecting and following, but a total lack of appreciation of conscious movement. When beginning to study sparring, it is essential to understand this, and even more important to eliminate those errors. What is difficult is sticking, adhering, connecting and following without butting, insufficiency, separation, or resistance. This is truly not easy.